Sponge Petroleum Coke
Today the Aluminum production in Iran is around 400 thousand tons per year
which requires around 200 thousand tons of sponge petroleum coke. According
to “Iran 1404 Vision” with 1/5 million tons of Aluminum production, we will
need nearly 515 thousand tons of calcined petroleum coke. Raw steel
production in the country is around 15 million tons yearly which needs
around 45 thousand tons of needle petroleum coke and the 1404 forecasts
shows that 55 million tons of steel will be produced annually which will
need 135 thousand tons of needle coke.
Regarding the importance of increasing the production of Aluminum and steel
in development programs of Iran, regardless of global market, it’s obvious
that the development of a part of material supply chain in the country’s
primary industries heavily dependent on petroleum coke and Aluminum and
steel production industries will be vulnerable at high capacities in the
absence of this material supplement within the country and survival and
development in these sectors will be associated with significant risks. On
the other hand with the production of this substance, we will prevent nearly
100 million dollars going out of the country each year.
With regard to these issues, dedication and determination for petroleum coke
production was formed in IMIDRO and in 2005 the board approved a petroleum
coke production plant establishment in Iran. Later that year, it was sent to
MPO (Management and Planning Organization) in the form of development
projects of the fourth development plan of the country.
After a long pause at the beginning of the new wisdom and hope government,
Mehdi Karbassian, the chairman of the board of management of IMIDRO
communicated a resolution based on updating the studies for calling
investment notifications and in the same year investment committee
resolution with an emphasis on sustainable supply of raw materials and in
parallel the ground allocation and purchasing and negotiations with
technologist was announced.
In this regard all probable refinery and non-refinery feedstocks for coking
unit were studied and the most suitable feed was determined. Then based on
this feed (vacuum bottom of unit 200 of Abadan refinery mixed with CSO from
Arak refinery) a bench unit with a capacity of 20 Kg of feed per day was
established in 2014 and the coke was produced. At the same time the updating
of technical and economic studies were started. Then with the admirable
collaboration of the advisor, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry
(RIPI), the negotiations and tracking of license allocation of feed from oil
ministry successfully conducted in May 2014.
Meanwhile negotiations for purchasing the land for construction of
industrial unit in Arvand free zone has been done and the contract was
In collaboration with the ministry of industry, mine and trade and oil
ministry in petroleum coke pilot plant launching, the first step of IMIDRO
and RIPI for provision of required coke for steel and aluminum industries
Petroleum coke pilot plant construction project as one of the development
projects of IMIDRO with the aim to achieve petroleum coke production
technology to supply an important part of steel and Aluminum industries
requirement chain was put into operation on September 22, 2015.
The advantage of this plant is the production of petroleum coke for the
first time in the country which has been done with indigenous technology.
Also with overcoming the technical problems rising in handling feeds with
high sulfur and metal contents and their impact on the product qualities,
implementation of industrial plant will be technically easier.
This project which is running with favorable collaboration of RIPI so far,
consists of 8 subprojects. The first 3 have been finished and the others
will be completed by May 2016.
The industrial part of petroleum coke production plan is in the negotiation
stage in order to attract the financers, achieving to the basic engineering
and finally implementation of the factory. This part will be started in 2016
and become operational in 2019.
Annual design capacity of this plant is more than 200 thousand tons
petroleum coke and approximately one million tons of liquid products.
The raw materials will be provided from VB of Abadan and CSO of Arak
refineries which will be converted to petroleum coke and valuable liquid
products such as LPG, light and heavy naphtha and gasoil, etc.
Once again we invite all investors and technology owners to be with us in
this profitable project. Iran and regional market of these valuable products
is an evidence of profitability of this project.